VFP Gainesville Chapter 14

Veterans For Peace

Cartoon: Life during (endless) wartime

This cartoon addresses many issues of endless war as it applies to the chemical weapons attack in Syria. But it misses the major point that no one seems to think it is important to find out exactly who is responsible for the chemical weapons. Even the Mainstream media is asking this question. see the link and comments after the cartoon.

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Source: Cartoon: Life during (endless) wartime

Is this our Gulf of Tonkin for another war in the Middle east? An article in the Chicago Tribune examines the present day evidence about the chemicals used in the Syrian strike. Many questions remain and an investigation needs to be done before proceeding (too late for that!). Check out  the article below.



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Syria’s humanitarian crisis: three ways Trump could help | World news | The Guardian

The Guardian outlines how the US could help Syrians and it starts with welcoming refugees and ends with more foreign humanitarian Aid.

In the wake of Donald Trump’s harsh condemnation of the chemical attack in Syria this week, some of the world’s largest humanitarian groups outlined steps the White House could take to alleviate suffering in the region.

Source: Syria’s humanitarian crisis: three ways Trump could help | World news | The Guardian

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Washington’s Supreme Hypocrisy on Chemical Weapons and Civilian Deaths

Professor Juan Cole gives a history of US involvement in chemical weapons in the middle East. Although he includes the use of nucelar weapons in Japan, he omits mention of the largely classified use of chemical weapons “tested” in the Far East and the network of chemical weapons labs located in the US.

The use of chemical weapons by the Syrian Army in Idlib is an atrocity and the pictures of dead children tug at the heart. But the outrage of American politicians inside the beltway about it draws on the myths of American exceptionalism and Alzheimer’s of the political memory. It is also very suspicious in that the loudest voices of sympathy are the ones closest to the US military industrial complex, which has been regretting the missed opportunity of a Syria War.

for a history of US involvement in chemical weapons read on at the link below.

Source: Washington’s Supreme Hypocrisy on Chemical Weapons and Civilian Deaths

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Demobilizing America: A Nation Made by War and a Citizenry Unmade By It

Tom Englehardts’ tale of the entanglement of America’s history with war and the question of whether we as a democracy can survive the next one.

In many ways, from its founding the United States has been a nation made by wars. The question in this century is: Will its citizenry and its form of government be unmade by them?

Much of VFP’s understanding of war comes from Vietnam. Englehardt decribes that experience as a launching point for the present day “American Foreign Legion” with approximately 800 bases around the World.

The Age of Demobilization

In the case of America’s wars, there’s a history that helps explain how we ended up in such a situation. It would undoubtedly begin with an American high command facing a military in near revolt in the later Vietnam years and deciding that the draft should be tossed out the window. What was needed, they came to believe, was an “all-volunteer” force (which, to them, meant a no-protest one).

In 1973, President Nixon obliged and ended the draft, the first step in bringing a rebellious citizen’s army and a rebellious populace back under control.  In the decades to come, the military would be transformed — though few here would say such a thing — into something closer to an American foreign legion.  In addition, in the post-9/11 years, that all-volunteer force came to shelter within it a second, far more secretive military, 70,000 strong: the Special Operations Command.  Members of that elite crew, which might be thought of as the president’s private army, are now regularly dispatched around the globe to train literal foreign legions and to commit deeds that are, at best, only half-known to the American people.

These activities have lead to the colonization of America by our own government. With fear and secrecy used to control the populace which once ended the war in Vietnam.

In these years, Americans have largely been convinced that secrecy is the single most crucial factor in national security; that what we do know will hurt us; and that ignorance of the workings of our own government, now enswathed in a penumbra of secrecy, will help keep us safe from “terror.”  In other words, knowledge is danger and ignorance, safety.  However Orwellian that may sound, it has become the norm of twenty-first-century America.

read the article at http://www.commondreams.org/views/2017/04/04/demobilizing-america-nation-made-war-and-citizenry-unmade-it

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Empire Watch: CENTCOM’s AOR

US empire as masterfully described by Andrew Bacevich

US Marines shown in Nasariyah in Iraq March 24, 2003. the Marines are back this week fighting to retake control of the city

General Joseph Votel, current commander of CENTCOM decribes his command area or AOR as:

consisting of 20 nations, among them Iran, Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan. As the CENTCOM website puts it, without batting a digital eyelash, that AOR “spans more than 4 million square miles and is populated by more than 550 million people from 22 ethnic groups, speaking 18 languages with hundreds of dialects and confessing multiple religions which transect national borders.”

Bacevich helps us interpret this “imperial speak”:

One imagines that there must be another “Department of Defense Dictionary,” kept under lock-and-key in the Pentagon, that dispenses with the bland language and penchant for deceptive euphemisms. That dictionary would define an AOR as “a vast expanse within which the United States seeks to impose order without exercising sovereignty.” An AOR combines aspects of colony, protectorate and contested imperial frontier. In that sense, the term represents the latest incarnation of the informal empire that American elites have pursued in various forms ever since U.S. forces “liberated” Cuba in 1898.

He goes on to imagine the Vietnam conflict in VOR speak:

(Give the Vietnam War the CENTCOM treatment and you would end up with something like this: “Responding to unprovoked North Vietnamese attacks and acting at the behest of the international community, a U.S.-led coalition arrived to provide security to the freely-elected South Vietnamese government, conducting counterinsurgency operations and assisting host nation security forces to provide for their own defense.”

Sound familiar?

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US retires Predator drones after 15 years that changed the ‘war on terror’ | World news | The Guardian

The idea that  the US might Build a pipeline through Arlington or use a drone strike in Central Park brings home to the colonial nature of these devices.

The retirement of the antiquated Predator drone MQ-1, which is to be withdrawn from service in July and replaced by the more capable MQ-9 Reaper, is giving military analysts an opportunity to review the mixed history of a weapon that has long been associated with low-cost war, a sense of disembodiment from conflict, and for inflicting a high number of civilian casualties.

Source: US retires Predator drones after 15 years that changed the ‘war on terror’ | World news | The Guardian

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‘Worst view in the world’: Banksy opens hotel overlooking Bethlehem wall | World news | The Guardian

As we have often heard that one solution to problems in the middle East hinge on Israel and the West’s relationship with its genocidal policies with the Wet Bank and Gaza. Banksey, stree artist and activist has long been painting his brilliant antiwar comments on that wall. Now her has ramped up his stand by opening a hotel/musem right accross the street from the wall where it divides Bethlehem.

Exclusive: British artist launches Walled Off hotel in hope of bringing Israeli tourists – and dialogue – to West Bank city

Source: ‘Worst view in the world’: Banksy opens hotel overlooking Bethlehem wall | World news | The Guardian

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Chelsea Manning: majority of prison sentence commuted by Barack Obama | US news | The Guardian

The whistleblower, who has been imprisoned for six years for leaking state secrets, is now set to go free on 17 May

Source: Chelsea Manning: majority of prison sentence commuted by Barack Obama | US news | The Guardian

We are celebrating!!!

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Why They Went: The Inside Story Of The Standing Rock Veterans

What actually happened on the frozen banks of the Missouri River?

Source: Why They Went: The Inside Story Of The Standing Rock Veterans

A fascinating inside look at the Standing Rock veterans appearance. Like everything in real life it was messy. I think VFP should look at what was done as a possible model  as we go forward into the darkness looming before us.

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Larry Colburn, Who Helped Stop My Lai Massacre, Dies at 67 – The New York Times

He intervened with two comrades to halt the massacre of unarmed Vietnamese civilians by United States soldiers in 1968.

Source: Larry Colburn, Who Helped Stop My Lai Massacre, Dies at 67 – The New York Times

Here is my story of Thompson and Colburn written back in 2008 during the Winter Soldier II proceedings.

Real American Heros: Hugh Thompson
Mary Bahr


“Support Our Troops,” “Freedom fighters,” “Heros,” “Patriots.” Sound familiar? We have heard these words and phrases often over the last few years. Some people see such language as patriotic; others see it as jingoism and xenophobia.


In Winter Soldier II, many soldiers from Iraq and Afghanistan discussed acts and policies that, at first hearing, sound decidedly unheroic and unpatriotic. I am sure that some will call these soldiers “traitors” and others will call them “heroes”.


So what is a real American hero? This article will examine that question and I hope you will respond with your own thoughtful definitions of the words “hero,” “patriot” and, yes, “traitor.”


Our first real American hero received death threats and was reviled by many when he came home from his tour in Vietnam. He was attacked and threatened by many including fellow soldiers and a member of congress. Sounds like he must have committed some kind of atrocity, right? Read on and you will learn the story of Hugh Thompson, helicopter pilot, and of his crew.


Hugh Thompson was born in Atlanta in 1943 and grew up near Stone Mountain, Georgia. After a short stint in college he served first in the navy in a Seabee construction unit and then in 1966 he joined the Army and trained to fly helicopters. Warrant officer Thompson, known as an aggressive and exceptional pilot, flew a scout helicopter in Vietnam back in 1968. This meant that he and his crew flew treetop level or below to draw fire from the enemy. Larry Colburn, Thompson’s gunner, described this technique as, “We were basically bait. ‘Please shoot at me so we can get the gunships or artillery on you.’ “


On March 16th, 1968 events conspired to put the 24-year-old Thompson and his helicopter crew in the middle of a massacre of civilians from the Village of My Lai. The US was fighting a guerilla war in Vietnam where anyone could be the enemy or one of their supporters. The Vietcong, with the support of the local population, controlled the nights, and American GIs who survived the night controlled the battlefield by day. Charlie Company (Task Force Barker, 11th Brigade, Americal Division), known in the field by fellow soldiers as the “Butcher Brigade”, had recently watched 28 of their buddies killed by an unseen enemy. Every casualty was from booby traps, snipers, and mines. The last booby trap killed a popular sergeant. Charlie Company was ordered into an area which included the village of My Lai, known as a North Vietnamese stronghold. Their officers, including Lieutenant William Calley, told them “This is what you’ve been waiting for — search and destroy — and you’ve got it.”


As Thompson and his crew approached the village they began to see large numbers of civilians heading slowly down the road from My Lai on their weekly trek to the Saturday Morning market. Thompson reported, “The first thing we saw was a draft-age male running south out of the village with a weapon and I told him ( the gunner) to get him. He tried, but he was a new gunner — he missed him. That was the only enemy person I saw that whole day.”

He then described the next events: “It didn’t take very long until we started noticing a large number of bodies everywhere. Everywhere we’d look, we’d see bodies. These were infants, two-, three-, four-, five-year-olds, women, very old men, no draft-age people whatsoever.”


But Thompson and his crew could not bring themselves to believe that their fellow soldiers were killing these civilians. They hypothesized that an artillery strike had hit the villagers. Then they saw movement among the victims and got on the radio and marked them with smoke for rescue. A few minutes later they

watched from the air as an American   captain walked up to one of the wounded they had just marked for rescue. He took out his gun and “blew her away”. Charlie Company shot every wounded villager they had marked for rescue.thompson-chopper-crew


Some time later they saw unharmed civilians, an old man, women, and children described by Colburn as “little kids with Prince Valiant haircuts, black bangs, black pajamas and sandals,” huddled by a bunker. Thompson made a decision and landed his helicopter between the advancing American GIs and the civilians. He approached the ground units and asked, “Can you get them out?” They said, “Well, we’re gonna get them out with a hand grenade.” He said, “Just hold your people right here please, I think I can do better.” Thompson ordered his crew to shoot if the squad attacked the civilians. Colburn describes this delicate situation as a shouting match that appeared to be escalating towards a fight between Thompson and Charlie Company Lt. Brooks. ” Glenn (the crew chief) and I looked at each other. We looked at the GIs we were supposed to protect, we looked at Thompson. A million things were going through my mind. The first thing, I wanted no one to think I was going to raise an M60 machine gun and draw on them. Or they’d draw on us. I remember pointing my muzzle straight at the ground so there’d be no mistake. We had a little stare-down but I caught one guy’s eye and I kinda waved, thinking, hey, fellow American, and he waved back. ”


Thompson coaxed the civilians out of the bunker, keeping his body between them and Lt. Brooks, and brought them over to his helicopter. He then got on the radio with the gunship that was piloted by his buddy and asked them to shuttle the civilians to safety. It was unheard of to use a gunship for Medivac but they did it that day twice to get all the Vietnamese to safety behind the lines.


On their way out of the village, they again saw movement among the bodies in the ditch. They landed and Glenn, the crew chief brought a small child out of the ditch and handed him up to Colburn who said, “The child sat on my lap, limp. He had that blank thousand-yard stare. I couldn’t even make him blink. He was in severe shock. He had no broken bones, no bullet holes, but he was completely drenched in blood. When Glenn picked him up, he was still clinging to his dead mother.” They delivered the child to Quang Ngai hospital, an orphanage. They assumed at the time that he was only 4 or 5, but when they met him again in 2001 they found he had been 8 years old and, after staying at the hospital for 2 days, he left and went back to the village, 10 miles through the jungle, to make sure his parents were properly buried.


Thompson briefed his commanding officers on his experiences and heard no more from them until Seymour Hersh broke the story of My Lai two years later. At that point Thompson testified to the Senate, the Department of Defense and for all the court-martials. Back in Vietnam shortly after My Lai, reports of murder and mistreatment of Vietnamese civilians passed across the desk of an Army Major in Thompson’s unit named Colin Powell. His investigation of these charges, reported that “relations between American soldiers and the Vietnamese people are excellent.” Powell went on to high public office and more cover-ups in Iran Contra and the lead up to the war in Iraq.


The photo shows Thompson, Colburn, Do Hoa, the boy they rescued from the ditch and Colburn’s son Conner during a visit to Vietnam in 2001.


After My Lai Hugh Thompson flew the remainder of his Vietnam tour as a scout without gunship cover. He was hit by enemy fire eight times and shot down four times. The last crash left him with a back injury that ended his duty in Vietnam. After recovering he trained helicopter pilots in the States. He eventually received a commission and retired from the military in 1983.


Thompson waited through 30 years of abuse from fellow soldiers and the public for recognition for his courageous stand. In 1998 He accepted the Soldier’s Medal with tears in his eyes “for all the men who served their country with honor on the battlefields of South-East Asia.” Professor David Egan at Clemson University, who had served a French village during World War II where Nazi troops killed hundreds of civilians, led the campaign to get Thompson recognition. Thompson, who died of cancer in 2006, lectured on battlefield ethics at West Point and other military academies during the last years of his life. He and His crew’s actions became an example used in military manuals in both the US and Europe. West Point Dean Col. Tom Kolditz described his impact: “There are so many people today walking around alive because of him, not only in Vietnam, but people who kept their units under control under other circumstances because they had heard his story. We may never know just how many lives he saved.” When asked what he told the Military Officer Cadets, Thompson said he just told them to “Be a soldier”.


So, Thompson is a real American hero in many people’s eyes. But, what about the men in Charlie Company? What does this story make of them? Certainly, their immediate leadership appeared weak and even encouraged the atrocities that occurred. We know little of the actions of the senior officers. Evidence against them during the court-martial of their subordinates was contradictory or missing. Perhaps it too got lost on the desk of Major Colin Powell.


Colburn, the gunner on Thompson’s helicopter in My Lai, gives his perspective on life in combat: “Only 10 percent of men who go to war actually feel the sting. Most men are in support. Other combat veterans know exactly what I mean. Unless you saw it, smelled it, lived it, you’re not capable of understanding.” He describes his own experiences in combat including some he regrets. Some of the men in Charlie Company refused orders and did not participate in the massacre, risking courts-martial for refusing to obey orders. One veteran from Charlie Company, Varnado Simpson, talked after the massacre about how once you start killing, it just got easier and easier, the training just kicks in. He was overcome with remorse and eventually committed suicide. None of the Company, even those who did not participate, came forward to report the crime during their tour. But remember they continued to serve in the field, depending for their lives on their fellow soldiers in Charlie Company. Colburn explains, “They didn’t get to fly into the sunset and sleep in a bed. They had to spend the nights out there when the VC came alive, and had to go on night mission and set up ambushes. I don’t know if I could have made it a year in the field.”


So who are the heroes now? And who are the traitors?

The photo shows Thompson, Colburn, Do Hoa, the boy they rescued from the ditch and Colburn’s son Conner during a visit to Vietnam in 2001.

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